This site has tables of Moon Phases for 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, with times expressed in PST (PDT when applicable). Also included are times of equinoxes and solstices for each year.
The Observatory also has a table of Moon Phases from 1997-2014 expressed in Universal Time, and the Munich Astro Archive (Germany) has a set of tables of Moon Phases from 1700 to 2199.
To find the phase of the moon for any month, visit the U.S. Naval Observatory's Moonphase page.
There is a page for blue moons.
Click here for a table of Moonrise and Moonset times for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020 calculated for Los Angeles using software developed at the U. S. Naval Observatory. Times are PST (PDT when applicable).
To find the time of moonrise or moonset for any month (among many other things), visit the U.S. Naval Observatory's almanac page.
Chris Peat's Moon Data page (customized for Los Angeles) gives detailed information on the moon for the date you enter.
You can print monthly calendars of moonrise/moonset and moon phase information (plus sunrise and sunset) at Steve Edward's calculator page at http://www.sunrisesunset.com.
The Moon-Sighting site has detailed information on the visibility of the moon, especially as it relates to Islamic needs.
Click on the year for which you would like to know Sunrise ("rise"), Local Noon ("transit"), Sunset ("set"), and morning and evening Civil Twilight times: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 calculated for Los Angeles using software developed at the U.S. Naval Observatory. Times are PST (PDT when applicable).
Click here for a graph with explanation that shows the suns' daily path across the sky throughout the year as seen from Los Angeles (34° north) and from latitude 42° north.
To find the time of sunrise or sunset (or the sun's position at any moment) and twilight times for any place and any date (within reason), visit the U.S. Naval Observatory's almanac page. Chris Peat's Solar Data page (customized for Los Angeles, but you can change it) at his Heavens-Above site gives detailed solar data including twilight times for the date you enter. You can print monthly calendars of sunrise and sunset times for any location at Steve Edward's calculator page at http://www.sunrisesunset.com. And Sunheight gives accurate sun (and moon and planet) rising and setting data as tables and graphs for thousands of locations.
See the sites mentioned at the top of this page for descriptions and charts of the current night sky. And check the Observatory's own Sky Report for a weekly summary of where the planets are.
Chris Peat's Heavens-Above displays detailed data for each planet and an overhead "orrery" view of the solar system for dates you enter. The URL linked here is customized for Los Angeles, but you can change it to another location. Sky View Cafe lets you view charts of the sky (and more) for any date and time. And AstronomyDaily.com shows the planets in the sky, in their orbits, and gives detailed information on each customized for your location.
This simple table for planispheres lists the constellation each naked-eye planet -- Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn -- is in on a month-by-month basis through the year 2035. It is intended for people who want to know approximately where the planets are to plot them on planispheres, or rotating star finders.