The Gottlieb Transit Corridor
The new Robert J. and Suzanne Gottlieb Transit Corridor, a monumental 150-foot-long, 10-foot-wide glass-walled passageway, immerses visitors in the motions of the Sun, Moon, and stars across the sky and demonstrates how these motions are linked with time and the calendar. Like the Observatory's other public observing instruments, the Gottlieb Transit Corridor transforms visitors into astronomical observers and immerses them in the meaning of those observations.
The passage of time and the cycle of the seasons is fundamental knowledge. The Sun's daily passage (transit) across the north-south line (meridian) and its changing elevation along the north-south arc that bridges the sky (celestial meridian) have been observed by people all over the Earth from prehistoric antiquity. While our world now moves with a precision defined by atomic clocks, the "zero-point" of time remains the transit of the Sun through the meridian, the north-south line that stretches around the globe at a given location on the Earth.
The Gottlieb Transit Corridor is an accurate outdoor public astronomical instrument built below-grade onto the west side of the Observatory. Its form echoes similar instruments from ancient temples and medieval churches, but updates the concept for the 21st century. The instrument has four primary components:
- Meridian line. A bronze meridian line runs down the center of the glass-walled corridor. It is bounded on the north by stairs to the lawn and on the south by a large, black monolith. The line defines the meridian on the ground while the walls of the corridor flank the celestial meridian in the sky. The stairs and banister are angled to the north pole of the sky.
- Foil. Mounted at an angle on the top of the monolith, the foil is a thin, curving metal panel containing a six-inch, long-focal-length lens. As the Sun moves across the sky each day, the lens sharpens the Sun's light into a spot that moves across the walls and floor of the corridor.
- Meridian arc. Centered at the south end of the corridor, a bronze-faced meridian arc displays the meridian line and is inscribed with month and day markings, seasonal and lunar indicators, and constellation figures. The arc is 18 feet long and 13.5 feet high. Each day at local noon, as the Sun passes, the spot of sunlight moves across the meridian on the 7-inch arc and enables visitors to see how the Sun's progress is linked to the calendar. In a modern twist, photoelectric sensors embedded in the meridian arc are activated by the transiting spot of sunlight and send a signal to the ecliptic chart.
- Ecliptic chart. On the west side of the corridor, a 22-foot-long stainless steel engraved star chart illustrates the Sun's annual path through the background stars and the constellations they occupy. When sunlight strikes the photoelectric sensors on the meridian arc, the signal activates LEDs embedded in the ecliptic chart and lights up the stars of the constellation through which the Sun is passing. In this way, the Sun's light reveals to visitors the unseen sky that is always present, but invisible to our view because the Sun is so bright.
Architecturally beautiful and astronomically revealing, the Gottlieb Transit Corridor is a simple but profound addition to Griffith Observatory's set of public instruments.
For more information on the team of people who developed the Gottlieb Transit Corridor, please click here.
Robert J. and Suzanne Gottlieb (Benefactors)
Although Robert J. Gottlieb considered himself a "native Californian," he was born and raised in Far Rockaway, New York. When he was ten years old, his parents moved the family to Los Angeles. A graduate of the University of Southern California and Southwestern Law School, Gottlieb went on to become a renowned attorney whose automotive clients included Cadillac, General Motors, and Petersen Publishing. One of the world's foremost classic car authorities, Gottlieb contributed his editorial expertise to several automotive magazines, including his long-running column "Classical Comments" in Motor Trend magazine.
Born in the Philippines and raised in the southern U.S., Suzanne Gottlieb met her husband in 1952 at Trend, Inc., where she worked as a secretary. Married for more than 40 years, the Gottliebs generously championed numerous projects, including a $2 million gift benefiting the Greater Los Angeles Zoo Association. Mrs. Gottlieb is excited to be a part of Griffith Observatory's renewal. She personally chose the Transit Corridor because it allows visitors to track the motions of the Sun through direct observation and creates an immediate and intimate connection with the sky. "The reopening of the Griffith Observatory is so exciting," notes Mrs. Gottlieb. "I am delighted to be a part of this grand event which is sure to inspire visitors from around the world." Though Robert Gottlieb passed away in 2002, Mrs. Gottlieb knows his legacy lives on.